The United States Public Health Service (USPHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence includes 10 key recommendations regarding the identification and the treatment of tobacco users seen in all health care settings. While there is significant research from randomized clinical trials to support the impact of brief tobacco interventions, the USPHS Guideline also states that “it is imperative that new research examine the implication of effective treatments in real-world settings.” With the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and the rapid adoption of meaningful use (MU) compliant software  for electronic health records (EHR), it should be possible to use data collected in these real-world settings to measure the health and economic impact of brief tobacco interventions.
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with offspring obesity. However, little is known about whether maternal smoking in pregnancy predicts other offspring cardiovascular risk factors including waist circumference (WC), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), pulse rate (PR), systolic (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP).
Cigarette smoking is one of the major factors that increases arterial stiffness. The purpose of this study was to examine further the relationship between smoking status and arterial stiffness using a new index, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), in male Japanese workers.
Previous research has shown that a substantial proportion of smokers believe that nicotine causes serious diseases such as cancer, possibly deterring the use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for smoking cessation or smoking reduction. This study examined beliefs about the harms specifically from long-term use of NRT and associations between these and its use for smoking cessation and smoking reduction.Black A, Beard E., Brown J., Fidler J., West R. Beliefs about the harms of long-term use of nicotine replacement therapy: perceptions of smokers in England. Addiction 2012 May 28