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Implementation of key demand-reduction measures of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and change in smoking prevalence in 126 countries: an association study

By globalbridges

The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) has mobilised efforts among 180 parties to combat the global tobacco epidemic. This study examined the association between highest-level implementation of key tobacco control demand-reduction measures of the WHO FCTC and smoking prevalence over the treaty’s first decade.

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Increasing the Dose of Varenicline in Patients Who Do Not Respond to the Standard Dose

By globalbridges

In this article from Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Dr. Carlos A. Jiménez-Ruiz discusses how varenicline doses can be increased for patients who don’t respond to the standard dose, with high success rates and limited adverse effects. Be sure to watch the accompanying video, in which Dr. Jiménez-Ruiz explains the results of the study and how varenicline doses can be increased.

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‘Roll-your-own’ cigarette smoking in South Africa between 2007 and 2010

By globalbridges

The prevalence of smoking and consumption of cigarettes have decreased in South Africa over thelast 20 years. This decrease is a result of comprehensive tobacco control legislation, particularly large cigarette taxincreases. However, little attention has been given to the potential use of ‘roll-your-own’ cigarettes as cheaperalternatives, especially among the socio-economically disadvantaged population. This study therefore sought todetermine socio-demographic correlates of ‘roll-your-own’ cigarette use among South African adults (2007–2010).

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Smoking-specific communication and children’s smoking onset: An extension of the theory of planned behaviour

By globalbridges

The aim of this study was to test whether maternal smoking-specific communication and parental smoking related to smoking cognitions (i.e. attitude, self-efficacy and social norm) derived from the Theory of Planned Behaviour in association with smoking onset during preadolescence A positive association was found between pro-smoking attitudes and smoking onset. Smoking-specific communication and parental smoking were related to smoking cognitions.

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Childhood and adolescent psychopathology and subsequent tobacco smoking in young adults: findings from an Australian birth cohort

By globalbridges

Study concludes that childhood and adolescent psychopathology predicts subsequent tobacco use at 14 and 21 years of age. But, but some forms of psychopathology predict increased (aggression/delinquency; attention problems) and other forms decreased (anxiety/depression) smoking. There may be some benefits in targeting children with early onset aggressive/delinquent behaviour problems with tobacco smoking prevention initiatives.

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Smoking During Consecutive Pregnancies Among Primiparous Women in the Population-Based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

By globalbridges

This study investigated changes in smoking behavior across pregnancies in a sample of 10,890 primiparous women participating in the prospective population-based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). The study aimed to identify risk factors that may inhibit smoking cessation and promote smoking during a woman’s second pregnancy.The findings offer new and additional insight into modifiable risk factors that may help facilitate more targeted smoking cessation interventions for women at the highest risk.

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The Effect of Systematic Clinical Interventions with Cigarette Smokers on Quit Status and the Rates of Smoking-Related Primary Care Office Visits

By globalbridges

The United States Public Health Service (USPHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence includes 10 key recommendations regarding the identification and the treatment of tobacco users seen in all health care settings. While there is significant research from randomized clinical trials to support the impact of brief tobacco interventions, the USPHS Guideline also states that “it is imperative that new research examine the implication of effective treatments in real-world settings.” With the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and the rapid adoption of meaningful use (MU) compliant software [5] for electronic health records (EHR), it should be possible to use data collected in these real-world settings to measure the health and economic impact of brief tobacco interventions.

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Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Predicts Adult Offspring Cardiovascular Risk Factors Evidence from a Community-Based Large Birth Cohort Study

By globalbridges

Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with offspring obesity. However, little is known about whether maternal smoking in pregnancy predicts other offspring cardiovascular risk factors including waist circumference (WC), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), pulse rate (PR), systolic (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP).

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